Approximately 463 million people have diabetes in the world. The International Diabetes Federation reported that there are 1.8 million South Africans living with diabetes. However, it estimates an additional undiagnosed population of 69% of the total number of diabetics. The African continent is expected to see the highest increase in diabetes globally by 2045 from 19 million to 47 million.   Whilst type 2 diabetes has several causes, genetics and lifestyle choices